Complete list of fruit varieties

Complete list of fruit varieties

New regulations for the marketing of propagating material and plants of fruit varieties apply since Directive 2008/90/EC, and the associated implementing directives came into force. As of 2017, the prerequisite for marketing within the European Union is official entry in the Register of Plant Varieties. Varieties can be entered in the register if they are protected under the provisions of plant breeders’ rights, officially listed or “commonly known”. The latter relates to varieties that were on the market prior to 30/09/2012 and have an official or officially recognised description. Varieties, which are registered in another member state or for which an application for plant breeders’ rights or national listing has been filed, are also considered as commonly known. Propagating material can be marketed as certified material or standard material (CAC material - Conformitas Agraria Communitatis).

In addition, varieties of no intrinsic value for commercial production  (so-called amateur varieties), but of either regional interest or interest to hobbyists, can be marketed nationally as CAC-material provided that the variety has an officially recognised description. Also varieties of importance for the preservation of genetic diversity can be marketed nationally in limited quantities.

All aforementioned varieties are entered in the ‘Complete list of fruit varieties’ in Germany. It provides an overview for stakeholders as well as for interested consumers. Varieties that meet the requirements for EU-wide trading are notified to the EU Commission in Brussels. Based on the notifications from the member states, the EU Commission will compile a database supported Common Variety Catalogue.